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On VNS Therapy
since 2014

What is Drug-Resistant
Epilepsy (D.R.E.)?

Seizures that continue despite appropriate treatment with antiepileptic drugs

When drugs alone can’t control seizures, this is called
Drug-Resistant Epilepsy (D.R.E.)

If you’re living with uncontrolled seizures, you are not alone. 1 in 3 people with epilepsy have the kind that is resistant to medication.

What is dre top images

Why keep adding more drugs to D.R.E.?

Studies have proven that adding more medications is not likely to control this kind of epilepsy.

Why keep adding more drugs to D.R.E.? (images blue background)

Risks of undertreated epilepsy

Despite what we know about the risks of living with undertreated epilepsy, the majority of people affected by this condition will continue to be prescribed additional medications instead of being evaluated for non-drug therapy options.

Risks of undertreated epilepsy (what is dre page)

    • Seizure-related injury

    • Increased risk of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy

    • Increased hospital and ER visits

    • Depression, anxiety, and developmental issues

    • Changes with thinking and memory

    • Adverse effects of long-term antiepileptic drug use

    • Issues with social interactions

When drugs can’t provide the control you deserve, it’s time to consider options beyond more medication.

Ask your physician if these treatment options are right for you.


Treatment Option

What is it?

Who is it good for?

VNS Therapy

An implantable device you can use with your current treatment that may help you experience fewer and less intense seizures.

People whose medications aren’t fully effective or have stopped working, or people whose medications have side effects that affect their daily lives.

Brain Surgery

An operation on certain parts of the brain that cause seizures

People with certain types of drug-resistant epilepsy

Ketogenic diet

A high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that, although followed temporarily, is thought to have long-term benefits.

Generally, children up to 12 years of age.

Modified Atkins diet

Similar to Atkins in most areas except there are no restrictions on proteins, fluids or calories and it does not start in the hospital or with fasting.


Epilepsy medications

The first line of treatment for epilepsy, yet one in three people are unable to control their seizures with medication alone.

People with certain kinds of epilepsy, but often used in combination with other therapies to treat drug-resistant epilepsy.

When drugs can’t provide the control you deserve, it’s time to consider options beyond more medication.

Take the next step.
Talk to a physician about VNS Therapy today!


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